The Intolerable Acts


Introduction
King George lll, the colonists, Thomas Hutchinson, and Thomas Gage. All of these people were a part of a series of acts that helped start a revolution. The same revolution that formed the free country that we live in today. These acts were known as the Intolerable Acts.

2989393.jpgWhat Are the Intolerable Acts?
The Intolerable Acts were a series of five acts created by the British Parliament, in 1774. Four of these acts were called Coercive Acts because they were made specifically to punish the colonists. After King George lll found out about the Boston Tea Party, he was not happy. The colonists had rebelled against the king before when he had issued the Stamp Act, and now they had decided to throw all of his tea into the ocean! The King knew that that was the last straw. It was time to get back at them for their rebellion.
The King put Parliament in charge of creating five acts to punish the colonists for what they had done. Thomas Hutchinson, the governor of Massachusetts at the time, was supposed to help carry out these laws.

The Acts
The Boston Port Act: The first Act was the Boston Port Act which was created in 1774. It closed off the ports of Boston Massachusetts until the debt for the tea that was thrown into the ocean was paid for. They were not able to get supplies or food from Great Britain, or other countries. However, other states who were upset about the Boston Port Act sent food in through land, which helped Boston out greatly.

The Massachusetts Government Act: The second act was the Massachusetts Government Act, which was passed in May 1774. This act intolerable acts.jpgchanged the colonists representatives to those who were appointed by Parliament. It also gave more power to the Thomas Hutchinson. Only one town meeting was permitted for the people a year. If you were a colonist in Massachusetts, you wouldn’t get say in anything that happened in your state.

The Administration of Justice Act: The next act was called the Administration of Justice Act which was established on May 20, 1774. It moved the trials of British Officials, or soldiers out of Massachusetts and back to Great Britain because Parliament believed that the colonists would not give the officials a fair verdict. General Thomas Gage was employed as Governor of Massachusetts during this time.

The Quartering Act: The Quartering Act came next, and was passed in June 1774. This act forced the colonists to house British soldiers in American barracks, or public houses. If neither of those could be provided, then they were to give the British soldiers stables, outhouses, and even homes of the colonists to live in. The colonists also had to pay for the soldiers expenses. As you can imagine, the colonists weren't very thrilled with this idea.

The Quebec Act: The last act was called the Quebec Act, and it was not considered a Coercive Act. It was not meant to directly hurt the colonists for what they had done, but the king still issued it, and the colonists were still angered by it. The Quebec Act expanded the territory of Quebec into territory that was already being settled by the colonists. This made the colonists very angry. This edict basically decreed that if you were living in the area that the King wanted to expand Quebec into, you would have to leave! Imagine getting kicked out of your town because it now belonged to another country, and you weren't allowed to live there anymore.

The Effects
The colonists were infuriated by these taxes. However, it was because of this that the First Continental Congress joined together to meet for the first time. The Intolerable soon became another step on the Road to Revolution!

The Impact
This was significant to the revolution because without the help of these acts there wouldn't have been enough tension to start a revolution. The colonists were so angry that they decided to eventually make The Declaration of Independence. This helped the colonies be free of the King and let them make their own laws.





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